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高中    高一    高二    高三     |     初中    初一    初二    初三     |     小学         |     画刊    
高一教案 第743期
发布时间:2019-03-11

2018-2019学年度第28期总第743期

Keeping the spirits up (P1)
北京大学附属中学  杜泉滢
I. Pre-reading
1. Do you know what an astronaut is?
An astronaut is a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft.
2. What qualities do you think astronauts need to do their job?

NASA Astronaut Requirements
 A bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science, computer science or mathematics.
 At least three years of related professional experience obtained after degree completion OR at least 1,000 hours pilot-in-command time on jet aircraft.
 The ability to pass the NASA long-duration astronaut physical. Distant and near visual acuity must be correctable to 20/20 for each eye. The use of glasses is acceptable.
  Astronaut candidates must also have skills in leadership, teamwork and communications.

https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/postsecondary/features/F_Astronaut_Requirements.html

3. What questions do you have about the title?
 
 


II. While-reading
1. Main idea
The text mainly talks about NASA’s new job requirement. NASA  now wants astronauts to have a sense of humor in addition to the usual qualifications. 

2. Text structure

 


3. Understanding details
Answer the following questions:
(1) Why does NASA want someone with a sense of humor?
Since a mission to Mars would be stressful, someone with a sense of humor would be needed to pull everyone together.

(2) How far is Mars away from Earth? How long would a trip to Mars take?
140 million miles (225 million kilometers).
Around eight months.

(3) Who was Adolf Lindstrom? What did the team leader think of him?
He was a cook in a team on a journey to the South Pole, led by a Norwegian explorer.
He had the ability to make people laugh through the whole journey.

(4) What other requirements does NASA want in an astronaut besides being humorous?
An astronaut also needs to be an excellent scientist and engineer and in top physical condition.

4. Discourse Analysis
 
 

 

 


 

 

5. Language Focus

keep the spirits up:
job listing:
no joke/no laughing matter:
communications delay:
a long period of time:
be likely to occur: 
a sense of humor: 
pull together: 
land somebody the job: 
be in top physical position: 


振作精神,鼓舞士气
职位列表
不是闹着玩的
通讯延迟
很长一段时间
很有可能发生
幽默感
齐心协力
使某人得到这份工作
身体状况一流


III. Post-reading
Discussion
1. Do you know someone with a good sense of humor? What qualities do you think a humorous person has?
Being creative, having a strong mind, appreciating life, accepting reality…

2. What role do you think a sense of humor plays?
A sense of humor is a plus in nearly every job situation. It can enhance harmony between people …

3. What would you do if you were in a stressful situation?
Adjust my emotions.
Enhance my physical condition.

 

 

 


Let mercy fall on the world like a gentle rain (P4)
河北师大田家炳中学  赵乃平

I. Lead-in
What do you know about William Shakespeare?
He was one of the most outstanding writers in the
history of English literature.

Can you name some famous works written by Shakespeare?
Four tragedies ...
Four comedies ...

II. Skimming 
What is the article mainly about?
O’Flaherty’s successful adaptation of The Merchant of Venice.

III. Scanning 
 

What kind of person is Antonio?
He is kind-hearted and brave.

What is his trouble?
He will be tried and is in danger of being executed. He is in need of help.

Who wins in the end?
Portia wins in court.
The idea of mercy wins in the play.
Shylock also wins because mercy blesses him and saves his life.

Characteristics of the adaptation by O’Flaherty 
 

IV. Deep thinking 

What is your understanding of the phrase “Mercy is like gentle rain”? (Answers may vary)
Just as gentle rain is good for people, so does mercy, which means kindness and forgiveness,  benefits them.
We choose to forgive someone whom we have the right to punish, and this makes the world a better place to live in.

V. Language focus

I. Fill in the blanks with proper forms of the given words
1. gentle
She patted her daughter on the shoulder ______ and said in a _____ voice, “It’s time for bed.”
2. simple
O’Flaherty _______ this story by using_____ and clear language, which is ________ wonderful for English learners to read.
3. destroy No one was injured in the explosion, but the building was completely _________.
The earthquake caused the ________ of the city.
They said these weapons have great ________ power.
The fire in the forest was remarkable for its __________.
4. try
The _____ is due to begin next month. But we didn't think that the police would ____ him for anything.
5. vivid
The report is ________ written and very moving. The writer painted a _____ picture to match it.
6. legal
It is _____ and could endanger other’s lives. If they don’t stop it, we will take _____ steps.
7. brave
I’m impressed by his ______ when he jumped into the water to save the drowning boy. I am not as ______ as he is.
8. mercy
Although the _______ man’s family begged us to be _______,  we didn’t show ______ to him.

II. Translate the sentences

1. And in Chapter 4, O’Flaherty uses a vivid metaphor (比喻) to put over Portia’s famous speech in court on “the quality of mercy”.
分析:put over 讲清楚,使被理解(此处相当于put across)
译:在第四章, O’Flaherty运用了一个生动的比喻将Portia在法庭上做的关于“仁慈的品质”的演说讲得很清楚。
He knew how to put over the ideas skillfully.

2. “I am a human being … in the spirit of mercy I forgive you.”
分析:in the spirit of 本着…… 的精神
译:“我是一个有血有肉的人…… 本着仁慈的精神,我宽恕你。”
Jack joined in the spirit of the competition.
Jack本着竞争的精神参与了比赛。

 


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