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初二教案 第654期
发布时间:2019-04-15

 

第654期初二教案
How to solve hunger? (P2)
Pre-reading
There are many people around the world who don't have enough food to eat. What should we do to help them?
 
While reading
Choose the answer:
1. Acute hunger refers to people who will _____ if they don't have food.
A. become sick
B. become weak
C. die soon
D. lose a lot of weight
 
2. About 74 million people face acute hunger due to _____.
A. war
B. climate change
C. natural disasters
D. laziness
 
3. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. More than 113 million people suffer from acute hunger every year.
B. Two-thirds of people in Ethiopia, Syria and Yemen suffer from acute hunger.
C. Over 50 million people in war-torn countries suffer from acute hunger.
D. People in South Africa suffered from acute hunger due to natural disasters.
 
4. According to David Beasley, world leaders should _____.
A. prevent natural disasters
B. act to get rid of hunger
C. lift people out of poverty
D. prevent war
 
Word in use
Make some sentences by following phrases :
suffer from, get rid of, call on, solve the problem
 
1. She often suffers from headaches.
2. You should get rid of this bad habit.
3. That‘s why we must call on people to use cloth shopping bags instead of plastic ones.
4.  We must find a way to solve the problem.
 
Post-reading
1. According to the text, why do so many people suffer from acute hunger?
2. What can world leaders do to get rid of hunger?
 
What's it like to live on water? (P5)
Pre-reading
1. What do you think about living on the water?
2. Would it be interesting or boring? Why?
 
While reading
Choose the answer
1. Ten years ago, the number of people living on houseboats may have been _____.
A. 50,000              B. 30,000
C. 25,000              D. 20,000
 
2. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the story?
A. Living conditions on houseboats have become much better.
B. It is convenient to live on houseboats.
C. People can have large bedrooms on houseboats.
D. Living on houseboats is challenging during winter.
 
3. Many people choose to live on houseboats because _____.
A. it is cheaper to rent a houseboat than a flat
B. it is challenging to live on houseboats
C. they are looking for something special
D. they are tired of living in apartments
 
4. From the last paragraph, we can infer that _____.
A. people living in flats are not friendly
B. people living on houseboats have no privacy
C. people living on houseboats are warm-hearted
D. people living in houses like to tell stories
 
Word in use
Match the meaning of following words :
1. canal           connected or concerned with love      
2. romantic       a person who lives next door
3. neighbor        long and narrow strip of water made for boats
4. flat           a set of rooms for living in
 
Post-reading
There are both advantages and disadvantages to living on the water. Can you describe them?
 
Danger in space (P6)
Pre-reading
1. Do you know what a typical day in the life of an astronaut is like?
 
While reading
Choose the answer:
1. Astronauts may suffer the following health problems: _____
a. bone loss     
b. high blood pressure   
c. sleep disorder  
d. mental disease
e. muscle shrinking
A. abf          B. bce  C. ace          D. bcd
 
2. Astronauts suffer muscle problems after returning back to Earth because _____.
A. they are too busy to exercise in space
B. they don't have enough room to exercise in space
C. they don’t use their muscles in space
D. they rarely walk while in space
 
3. Astronauts sleep in individual sleeping pods to _____.
A. stay warm at night
B. shut out light
C. enjoy a quiet atmosphere
D. prevent themselves from floating around
 
4. How can astronauts deal with the problem of losing their balance?
A. They can walk upside-down on Earth.
B. They can go on more spaceflights.
C. They can take some medicine.
D. They can sleep more and rest.
 
Word in use
Fill in the blanks with following phrases or words:
shrink, mineral, get used to, control
 
1. If cloth or clothing shrinks, it becomes smaller in size.
2. Our country is rich in mineral resources.
3. If you have control of something or someone, you are able to make them do whatever you want them to do.
4. A man can get used to anything in the course of a year.
 
Post-reading
Why shouldn't astronauts spend more than 6 months on the ISS at a time?
Can you list the reasons?
 
答案解析
Page 2
1. C. 细节题,文章表述近几年来很多非洲人因为饥饿而死,第二段it refers to those who will die soon if they don’t have food.可知答案.
2. A. 细节题。文章在陈述饥饿产生的原因时,第一个原因便是战争One reason for this is war. Some 74 million people...由此可知答案。
3. D. 产生饥饿的第二个原因是因为气候变化和疾病导致的。从climate change and natural disasters pushed another 29 million people into acute hunger可知答案。
4. B. 第六段讲述David Beasley号召世界领导人即刻行动共同为消除饥饿而努力David Beasley called for world leaders to “step up to the plate” in order to meet the UN’s goal of getting rid of hunger而知答案。
 
Page 5
1.         D. 推算题。第一段around 30,000 people live on these waters in houseboats。第四段the number of people living on houseboats has grown by around 50 percent over the past 10 years 算出十年前大约20000人住在水上。
2.         D. 细节题,第二段表述的是住在水上各种不方便,其中During winter, living on a boat can be very cold可知答案。
3.         A . 细节题,第四段表达的是现在还是有很多人愿意住在水上的原因,becauseit is cheaper to rent a houseboat than a flat答案由此判断。
4.         C. 细节题,最后一段还介绍了人们愿意住在水上的另一个原因那就是住在水上的人们像家人和朋友一样互相帮助,不像住在公寓和楼房的人那样互不认识。由此推断答案。
 
Page 6
1.         C . 细节题。文章阐述宇航员不能在太空生活太久以及三个原因。分别是损伤肌肉骨骼,睡眠障碍和影响大脑思维。由此判断答案。
2.         C. 宇航员在太空久了首先对肌肉产生负面影响。因为在失重环境下肌肉长时间不用力会产生萎缩。In a weightless environment, astronauts don’t need muscles to support them. Therefore, their muscles start shrinking within seven to 10 days after entering space.
3.         B. 细节题。由于在太空太阳每九十分钟升起一次,太亮的光线影响睡眠,所以Astronauts now have individual sleeping pods that help shut out some of the light
4.         B. 最后一段讲在太空久了会影响人的平衡从而影响大脑对某些事物的判断,多去见几次就会适应了。Scientists have also found that astronauts may get used to this change after going on more spaceflights.
 

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