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初一教案 第662期
发布时间:2019-06-10

 

第44/662期初一教案
北京市陈经纶中学嘉铭分校 马蕙玉
 
What can wine do for us? (P4)
 
I. Pre-reading
What kinds of wine do you know about?
Do your parents ever drink wine?
Do you know who Du Kang is?
 
II. While Reading
Answer the following questions:
1. Was Du Kang a real person?
________________________
 
2. According to folk stories, what was Du Kang’s job?
________________________
 
3. Where did Du put the grain?
________________________
 
4. Did Du enjoy the wine when he first tasted it?
________________________
 
5. What do people use the name Du Kang to refer to?
________________________
 
III. Words in use
根据中文提示完成下列句子:
1. 你能告诉我谁发明了电话吗?
Can you tell me who ________ the telephone?
2. 没有食物或水我们就不能生存。
We cannot _______ without food or water.
3. 孩子们应该学会把自己的玩具分享给其他孩子。
Kids should learn to ______ their toys with other children.
 
IV. Post-reading
There are many kinds of alcohol that adults can enjoy. Some countries specialize in making certain kinds of alcohol. For example, the best red wine comes from France and California. The best vodka comes from Russia. And China’s specialty alcohol is baijiu.
 
 
Talented spellers compete in the US (P5)
 
I. Pre-reading
Do you know what a spelling bee is?
Have you ever been in a spelling bee?
Are you good at spelling words?
 
II. While reading
Choose the answer:
1. What was special about this year’s Scripps National Spelling Bee?
A. All of the winners were kids.
B. The judges were teenagers.
C. There was more than one champion.
D. The competition lasted for more than one year.
 
2. What problem did the judges run into?
A. They ran out of words.
B. Their most difficult words were used up.
C. There were not enough competitors.
D. There were only three words left.
 
3. What did the winners get?
A. A group trophy.
B. A group prize of 50,000 dollars.
C. A trophy and 50,000 dollars.
D. A Webster’s Dictionary.
 
4. Webster’s Dictionary felt proud because _____.
A. all of the words in the competition were in its dictionary
B. the dictionary got the same amount of money
C. all of the winners were from the dictionary’s company
D. it became famous on Twitter
 
III. Words in use
根据提示完成下列句子:
1. The _________ (结果) of the experiment support my theory.
2. She won a _________ (比赛) at school.
3. We ________ (用光) paper.
 
IV. Post-reading
The spelling competition’s purpose (目的):
Our purpose is to help students improve their spelling skills, increase their vocabularies (词汇), learn new concepts (概念) and develop correct English usage.
 
 
Washing in space (P6)
 
I. Pre-reading
Who are the people in the picture?
Have you ever wondered how astronauts might wash clothes?
What other problems might astronauts have in space?
 
II. While reading
 Choose the answer:
1. How do astronauts wash their clothes in space?
A. They don’t wash their clothes at all.
B. They wash their clothes by hand.
C. They use gravity to wash their clothes.
D. They use normal washing machines.
 
2. Why is the new washing machine so special?
A. It uses less water to wash clothes.
B. It can turn carbon dioxide into a liquid.
C. It cannot work without gravity.
D. It can wash more clothes at once.
 
3. One astronaut needs about _____ of clothing to live on the ISS for a year.
A. 219.2 kg                  B. 454.7 kg
C. 657.7 kg                D. 2,722 kg
 
4. The story is mainly about _____.
A. a washing machine that can work in space
B. how astronauts live in space
C. how washing machines work in space
D. how to turn carbon dioxide into water
 
III. Words in use
Fill in the blanks:
[instead      normal       collect         different]
1. Everything is ______. I don’t see any changes.
2. I tried to _______ my thoughts, but I was too excited.
3. Reading and writing are _______ skills.
4. _____ of working, Jack was idling away his time (虚度光阴).
 
IV. Post-reading
       Living in space is not the same as living on Earth. In space, astronauts' bodies change. On Earth, our lower body and legs carry our weight. This helps keep our bones and muscles strong. In space, astronauts float. They do not use their legs much. Their lower backs begin to lose strength. Their leg muscles do too. Their bones begin to get weak and thin. This is very bad for the astronauts' health. They must exercise every day.
 
参考答案及解析
P4
II. 1. We are not sure.
根据第1段We are not sure whether he really existed or not. 可知我们不确定杜康是否真实存在。
2. His job was to take care of grain.
根据第2段Du’s job was to take care of grain.可知他的工作是看管粮食,因此本题答案为这句话。
3. He put the grain inside some hollow dead trees.根据第2段He put the grain inside some hollow dead trees.可知他把谷物放在死树的树干里。
4. Yes, he did.
根据文本倒数第二段 It smelled good, so he tasted it. He loved it and shared it with other people. 可知,他很喜欢酒的味道。
5. People use it to refer to alcohol, especially in poems.
根据文本最后一句话可知,人们开始用杜康的名字表示酒,尤其在诗歌中。
III. 1. invented   2. exist   3. share
 
P5
II. 1. C。根据第1段 Have you ever seen a competition with eight champions? On May 30, eight kids won at this year’s Scripps National Spelling Bee, USA Today reported.可知,今年的拼词大赛有八名孩子获奖,因此本题选择C。
2. B。根据原文第2段 As the competition went on, the judges started to run out of difficult words to give to the kids. 随着比赛的继续,裁判们用光了较难的单词, be used up 和 run out of 为同义词,故选B。
3. C。根据最后一段 As a result, each of them got a trophy and a prize of 50,000 dollars. 可知每位冠军得到了一只奖杯和50000美元,因此本题选择C。
4. A。根据文章最后一段But nobody was more excited than Webster’s Dictionary. It has all the words that were used in the competition.可知,没有人比Webster’s Dictionary更激动了,因为这个比赛所考的单词都来自于这本词典,故选A。
III. 1. results   2. competition   3. ran out of
 
P6
II. 1. A。根据文章最后一段 Because normal washing machines can’t work in space, astronauts living aboard the ISS need to bring as many clothes as possible. 可知,宇航员在太空中不需要洗衣服,因此答案为A。
2. B。根据原文第2段 Instead, it collects carbon dioxide from the air that the astronauts breathe out. Then, it uses high pressure to turn that carbon dioxide into a liquid that can help clean clothes. 可知这台新的洗衣机可以把收集起来的二氧化转化成液体,因此答案为B。
3. A。根据最后一段 According to Newsweek, three astronauts living on the ISS for a year need 657.7 kg of clothing. 三个宇航员在ISS生活一年需要657.7千克衣服,所以一个宇航员一年需要219.2千克衣服,因此选A。
4. A。根据文章题目washing in space,本文是讲宇航员如何在宇宙中洗衣服,并讲述了科学家新研制的洗衣机在太空中如何运行,故选A。
III. 1. normal    2. collect   3. different   4. Instead

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