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高中    高一    高二    高三     |     初中    初一    初二    初三     |     小学         |     画刊    
初二教案 第662期
发布时间:2019-06-10

 

初二第662期教案
Passing a hard test (P2)
Pre-reading
     Have you heard of the TOEFL or IELTS? What are they?
     Did you know that there’s also a test for the Chinese learners? What is it called?
 
 
While reading
Choose the answer:
1. What do we know about the HSK test?
A. It is harder to pass than TOEFL or IELTS.
B. All foreigners who come to China are required to take it.
C. Over 4.6 million foreigners took the test in 2017.
D. Each level of the test includes three parts.
 
2. According to China Daily, more countries are promoting Chinese because of _____.
A. the increasing number of Chinese overseas students
B. the fact that Chinese is one of the UN’s official languages
C. their increasing economic and cultural exchanges with China
D. the rapid development of Chinese language programs
 
3. What do we know from Paragraph 4?
A. Zambian students are not learning any foreign languages.
B. There are three African countries offering Chinese in their schools.
C. Chinese is the most popular foreign language in Africa. 
D. Chinese was introduced to Uganda earlier than Kenya.
 
4. What is the purpose of this story?
A. To explain what the HSK test is.
B. To offer advice for taking the HSK test.
C. To prove that Chinese is not difficult to learn.
D. To show that more people are learning Chinese.
 
 
 
Word in use
Make some sentences by using the following phrases:
         try one’s best to do,
struggle to do,
include
     Hank tried his best to get a good score, but he couldn’t do it.
     Over the last 3 years, I have struggled to improve my oral English in many ways. I’ve made some progress over time.
     I invited some of my friends to come to my birthday party, including some of the kids who play on my soccer team.
 
 
Post-reading
     What do you think of the HSK’s growing popularity?
     Can you offer some advice to HSK test takers?
 
 
Keeping trade honest in ancient China (P5)
Pre-reading
• Have you ever seen a scale like this?
• Do you know what jin and liang mean?
 
While reading
Choose the answer
1. Ancient Chinese people used scales with 16 graduated marks in order to _____.
 A. trust each other
 B. make sure trade was fair
 C. give blessings to buyers
 D. remember the stars
 
2. What do we know from the story?
 A. The Big Dipper represents fortune, prosperity and longevity.
 B. Dishonest people will be punished by the stars.
 C. Dishonest people don’t believe in superstitions.
 D. One jin became 10 liang on the Chinese mainland after 1949.
 
3. The story mainly tells us about _____.
 A. superstitions related to ancient China’s weight measuring system
 B. the origin of the Chinese idiom “半斤八两”
 C. how people weighed things in ancient times
 D. why 16 liang for one jin was changed to 10 liang
 
 
Word in use
Make some sentences by the following phrases:
           used to, make sure, stand for, be short of…
     Tom used to be a very naughty boy when he was young.
     You should make sure you can bring this on the airplane.
     What do the stars stand for? They mean unity.
     We’re short of bread, so we need to go to the bakery. .
 
Post-reading
     Do you know how people weighed very large and heavy things in the past?
     Do you know how we weigh them now?
 
Bad taste in our mouth (P6)
Pre-reading
     Which foods can make our breath smell bad?
     How does this happen?
 
While reading
Choose the answer:
1. What does the underlined “it” refer to in the second paragraph?
A. Garlic.
B. Water in your mouth.
C. The taste of garlic.
D. Garlic breath.
 
2. Why does garlic make our breath smell bad?
A. Because the flavor of garlic is very strong.
B. Because small bits of garlic stay in the mouth.
C. Because AMS mixes with carbon dioxide when we breathe.
D. Because carbon dioxide moves into the lungs.
 
3. What does the last paragraph mainly tell us?
A. Garlic breath can last for a long time.
B. People are annoyed by garlic breath.
C. Eating certain foods can reduce garlic breath.
D. It’s easy to stop AMS from entering our bloodstream.
 
4. What do we know from the story?
A. Garlic breath starts to form in the stomach.
B. Garlic breath is good for your health.
C. Nothing can get rid of garlic breath.
D. It takes 24 hours to stop garlic breath.
 
 
Word in use
Make some sentences by using the following phrases:
           come from, get stuck, come with
     Some of our fears come from our childhood.
     Her hand got stuck in a drawer.
     Great power comes with great responsibility.
 
 
Post-reading
1. Can you think of some ways to get rid of garlic breath?
2. There are some products that can make our breath smell better. Do you know how they work?
 
答案与解析
Page 2
1.    D. 细节题。第二段第三句Each of the exam’s six levels includes three parts. 得出D选项正确。
2.    C. 细节题。第三段第二句That’s because trade and cultural exchanges between China and other countries are continuing to increase, China Daily reported.推理出trade等同于economic, C选项正确。
3. B. 段落总结。第四段主要介绍赞比亚中文推广的情况,以及中文在非洲普及的情况。其中,AC没有明确提到,D选项说中文进入Uganda比Kenya更早,无法推出。B选项:三个非洲国家已在他们的学校里教授中文。因为作者介绍Zambia情况时用的是将来时,It will roll out Mandarin classes in over 1,000 secondary schools starting in 2020,所以是三个国家已有中文课程。
4.    D. 总结题。本文陆续介绍了中文在非洲四个国家、俄罗斯、泰国推广的情况,因此D符合题意。
Page 5
1.    B. 细节题。第三段中描述了古代时秤的含义和应用,因此得出秤的发明是为了使贸易更公平。A较笼统,B更准确。
2.    D. 细节题。第五段可得出1949年之后,为了跟国际接轨,中国度量衡中的一斤改为了10两。
3.    B. 总结题。概括文章大意,这篇文章主要介绍了秤在中国古代的起源和发展,B符合。
Page 6
1.       D. It指代的是前一句末尾出现的Garlic breath,大蒜味会在之后几小时内一直停留在你的嘴里。
2.       C. 本题探讨为何大蒜让我们的口气很难闻,在第四段最后一句说到,when you exhale, AMS comes out together with carbon dioxide. This causes garlic breath. 当我们呼吸时,是AMS和二氧化碳的结合导致了Garlic breath的出现。
3.       C. 概括题。最后一段介绍了大蒜味会一直停留24小时,但有一些食物可以帮助我们去除蒜味。C选项符合。
4. A. 排除法。B文中并未提到大蒜味对身体有好处。C最后一段说有些食物可以祛除蒜味。D文中提到蒜味会持续24小时,但并不是Stop蒜味需要24小时。
 

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