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高一教案 第756期
发布时间:2019-06-10

2018-2019学年度第44期总第756期
Oman for outsiders (P4-5)
河北师大附中  赵乃平

I. Lead-in 
 
 

Man Booker International Prize
The award is given annually to a single book in English translation, with a £50,000 prize for the winning title, shared equally between author and translator.

II. Skimming 
The article is mainly about:
Celestial Bodies, the prize-winning novel of Man Booker International Prize, by Omani author Jokha Alharthi
 
III. Scanning 
Read the article and then answer the questions
What is the aim of the Man Booker International Prize?
Its purpose is to encourage literary creations and translations from outside of the UK.

Whom did this year’s prize go to?
It was awarded to Omani author Jokha
Alharthi and her book’s translator Marilyn Booth, who shared the £50,000 prize.

According to Alharthi, what is the significance of winning the prize?
This novel gives international readers a chance to learn about  the richness of Arabic culture, and to understand the human values of freedom and love.

Where does the story happen?
It is set in the Omani village of al-Awafi.

Who are the main characters?
Three girls from a rich family.

Mayya:   a seamstress who is marrying into a rich family
Asma:     a book lover pressured into marriage
Khawla:  a quiet beauty waiting for a man who has moved to Canada.

What social changes were taking place in Oman at that time?
Oman was developing from a traditional slave-owning society into a modern industrial one.

How do these changes influence the characters?
They desire freedom.

What is implied when Mayya names her daughter “London”?
It shows Mayya had the desire for freedom in her heart – going to the outside world.

What is the fate of Mayya’s daughter?
She fails to enjoy her freedom and is not able to get out of her small social circle.

How does the writer present the situation of the society?
She describes different aspects of society by showing various families, including the very poorest slave families and  those making money in new ways.

What does the award chairperson think of this novel?
She thinks the writer is full of imagination with fantastic writing skills. Through her writing, readers get to learn about a little-known  society in which people love and lose.

IV. Language focus
When it comes to books in the UK, foreign literature is a small market that receives little attention.
译:说到英国的书籍,外国文学只占有一个小市场,几乎不被关注。

when it comes to …  当说到……  (to为介词)
When it comes to farm work, he really knows his job.
Each nation has its own opinions when it comes to ______(do) business.

…but I think international readers can relate to the human values in the book – freedom and love.
译:但是我认为国际读者能理解书中的人文价值——自由和爱。
relate to  有关联,理解

All these questions relate to philosophy.
这些问题都跟哲学有关。

He is unable to relate to other people.
他无法理解他人的想法。

Every character – woman or man – longs for liberation.
译:每一个人物——男男女女——都渴望解放。

long for  渴望
同义短语:
 be dying for
 be thirsty for
 be eager for

… however, the name “London” does not free Mayya’s daughter from Omani society.
译:然而,“伦敦”这个名字并没有让玛雅的女儿从阿曼社会中获得自由。
free…from…使……摆脱/不受约束,free在此为动词

For decades the United Nations has worked to free people from poverty.
几十年来,联合国几致力于使人们摆脱贫穷。

Exercise can free us from lack of energy.
锻炼能使我们摆脱疾病。

2018-2019学年度第44期总第756期
A Coke’s not all you need (P6)
河北师大附中  赵乃平

I. Lead-in 
What drinks do you have after exercise?
Can Coke help us recover from tiredness?

II. Skimming 
What is the main point of the article?
To report on research that suggests that sugary food and drink makes us feel worse rather than refreshes us.

III. Scanning 
Read the article and then answer the questions
Why do some people eat chocolate when they are tired?
They believe that the sugar in it can help lift their moods and provide them with more energy.

What does the study published in April suggest?
The study suggests that sugar can make us feel worse rather than boost our mood.

What did the researchers study?
They studied the effects of sugar on different aspects of mood, such as anger, alertness, depression and tiredness.

What did the researchers find?
They found that when the people in their study consumed too much sugar, they felt more tired and responded more slowly in the first hour after eating the sugar.  After that time they felt even worse afterwards.
 

Should we say “no” to sweet foods?
Not necessarily.
It is beneficial if we take in a proper amount of sugar from natural fruits, vegetables and milk.

Does the writer have any suggestions for us?
When they feel tired or unable to concentrate, people could exercise rather than take sugar.

IV. Language focus
After all, it’s popularly believed that a “sugar rush” gives us energy.
译:毕竟,人们普遍相信快速补充糖份会让我们能量大增。
rush:n. v. 迅速移动;急促;激增

1. There was a rush for the concert tickets.
出现了争购音乐会入场券的热潮。
2. A sudden rush of business kept us on the go.
营业突然激增使我们忙个不停。

…sugar can make us feel worse rather than boost our moods.
译:糖可以让我们感觉更糟,而不是激发我们的情绪。
boost:使增长,使激发,促进

1. We try to boost our energy by eating.
我们试图通过吃东西来增强体力。

2. We need a big win to boost our confidence.
我们需要大胜一场来增强信心。

3. This will give a boost to the Baltic economies.
这将促进波罗的海各国经济的发展。

 

…when people take in sugar, their blood sugar levels rise rapidly, leading to a burst of energy and a short “feel good” period.
译:当人们摄入糖分时,体内的血糖水平迅速上升,导致能量爆发,出现短暂的“感觉良好”期。
a burst of : 突然的一阵……

1. He put on a burst of speed.
他突然加速了。
2. Upon his appearance there was a burst of applause.
对他的出现爆发了一阵喝彩声。

As with caffeine, this prevents the body from relaxing, leaving people feeling tired and less alert.
译:和咖啡因一样,这会阻止身体放松,让人感到疲劳和不太警觉。
析: leave +宾语+补语  使……处于……状态
e.g.
1. He screamed and ran away, leaving all his friends surprised.
2. She went home, leaving me to think about what she said.
 


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