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高中    高一    高二    高三     |     初中    初一    初二    初三     |     小学         |     画刊    
高三教案 第692期
发布时间:2019-10-14

Discovering ourselves (P1)
太原市外国语学校    王丽媛
 
Lead-in 
As a Chinese person, are you proud of yourself or not? Why?
What words would use to describe the qualities of Chinese people? 
 
Fast reading 
1.Which of the following options are mentioned in the article?
•Many Chinese people chose “patriotic” and “family-minded” as the main Chinese attributes .
•Few foreigners use “industrious” and “innovative” as the foremost Chinese qualities.
•Reasons are offered to illustrate why Chinese are considered to have the qualities as mentioned.
Over the past decades, the international community has gotten a clearer understanding of Chinese attributes. 
 
2. Match the divisions of the article to the main idea of each division.
 
 
Detailed reading 
Para.1-2
Which words were chosen by Chinese people and non-Chinese people to describe the main Chinese attributes?
Chinese chose “patriotic” and “family-minded” as the main Chinese attributes, while foreigners used “industrious” and “innovative” as the foremost Chinese qualities.
 
Para.3-10
What events were cited for qualities of patriotism and self-sacrifice by Jon Taylor?
He cited the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (1931-1945) and the forming of New China as crucial events that bring to mind qualities such as patriotism and self-sacrifice.
 
Why are most Chinese people proud of their country according to Bernard Dewit?
Because China has made a lot of progress over the past 40 years.
 
Why does Aaron Cedillo believe that Chinese people are family-minded ?
Because as he observed, his Chinese friends “get married and have babies when they turn a certain age, and think about their family first when they choose a job or quit one.”
 
What example was cited by Sheryl Wang for the feature of industriousness of Chinese people? 
•She cited _______ ______on weekends as an example of how industrious Chinese people are.
 
Why do Chinese students exhibit innovative and productive traits, according to Ammar Hawbani?  
•The young generation ... receives ____ _______, especially in ______ and ________.
•Because of ________ _________, the government will push the young generation to be more and more _______.
 
Para. 11
In this article, how is it shown that the international community has gotten a clearer understanding of Chinese attributes? Who have been cited to prove which Chinese attributes? Please fill in the blanks to get a better understanding.
 
 
Post-reading
As a Chinese high school student, what do you think of the Chinese attributes illustrated in this article? 
 
Discussion
Do you think Chinese people are innovative? Why or why not?
Are you innovative?
What examples can you offer to support your idea?
What have you done to be an innovative person? 
Have a discussion of these questions with your group members and share your ideas with them.
 
Mini-composition
Write a composition on the innovativeness of Chinese people with about 100 words according to your group discussion. 
 
Language focus
1.Meanwhile, about one-third of foreigners surveyed used “industrious” and “innovative” as the foremost Chinese qualities. 
surveyed在句中是过去分词作定语,修饰名词foreigners,表示“受访的外国人”。 
意为:与此同时,约有三分之一的受访外国人将“勤劳”和“创新”作为中国人最重要的品质。
 
2.Jon Taylor, professor of political science at the University of St Thomas, said that1 there are certain qualities about Chinese people that2 are timeless: Patriotism, family-mindedness, industriousness, and innovativeness.  
that1引导宾语从句;that2引导定语从句,修饰先行词certain qualities (about Chinese people)。 
意为:圣托马斯大学政治学教授乔恩•泰勒表示,中国人的某些特质是永恒的:爱国主义、家庭观念、勤劳和创新。
 
3.He cited the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (1931-1945) and the forming of New China as crucial events that bring to mind qualities such as patriotism and self-sacrifice. 
that引导定语从句,修饰先行词crucial events 。
意为:他说抗日战争(1931-1945年)和新中国的成立这些重大事件,使人想到中国人品质中的爱国主义和自我牺牲精神。
 
4.Bernard Dewit, chairman of the Belgian-Chinese Chamber of Commerce, noted that given the progress of the past 40 years, it’s understandable why most Chinese people are proud of their country. 
that引导宾语从句;
why引导主语从句,it在句中作形式主语。
意为:比利时-中国商会主席伯纳德•杜威特表示,鉴于过去40年的进步,不难理解为什么大多数中国人为自己的国家感到骄傲。
 
5.While patriotism is the spirit that bonds the nation together, family plays a big role in traditional Chinese culture.  
that引导定语从句,修饰先行词the spirit。
意为:爱国主义精神使整个国家团结在一起,而家庭也在中国传统文化中扮演着重要的角色。
 
6.Sheryl Wang, a Malaysian student at Zhejiang University, cited package delivery on weekends as an example of how industrious Chinese people are. 
how引导宾语从句;
意为:浙江大学的一名马来西亚学生谢莉尔·王,以周末的包裹递送为例,来说明中国人是多么勤劳。
 
7. Ammar Hawbani, from Yemen, an associate professor at the University of Science and Technology of China, said he has observed Chinese students in the laboratory exhibiting innovative and productive traits. 
exhibiting在句中是现在分词作补语。
observed的宾语Chinese students in the laboratory与exhibit是主动关系,故用exhibit的现在分词形式。 
意为:来自也门的阿马尔·霍班尼是中国科技大学的一名副教授。他说,他观察到中国学生在实验室里表现出创新和富有成效的特点。
 
 
Innovating greatness (P7)
山东省烟台第二中学 赵霞
 
Lead in 
 
What do you think is the most important factor that can influence a country’s development?
Population?
Geographical location?
Army?
Science and technology?
 
Skimming: Read for the main idea
What is the main idea of the article?
Innovation is the driving force of scientific development. We have achieved considerable success in certain fields. Despite these achievements, we are still lacking in key technological fields. So we need to attract and build a team of young, high-quality talented people and to increase investment in human capital.
 
Scanning: Read for details 
Read the article again and answer the following questions.
1. How many examples are listed to show the importance of innovations? What are they?
Two. A significant example is hybrid rice developed by the agricultural scientist Yuan Longping and the other is the cloning of five monkeys from a gene-edited macaque. It was the first time multiple monkeys had been cloned from a gene-edited monkey for biomedical research. 
 
2. According to Bai Chunli, what is the key mission for the academy?
He said the idea of obtaining core technologies and improving China’s innovative capacity has been the key mission for the academy. 
 
3. What should be done to overcome the obstacles in socioeconomic development?
The first thing is to attract and build a team of young, high-quality talented people. The second is to increase investment in human capital, as well as more government support. 
 
Language points
 
Useful expressions
历史结构性的改变____________
科技部门/行业____________
赶上;追上_____________
在某些前沿领域领先________________
驱动力;推动力____________
获得核心技术_________________
提高创新能力____________
关键任务____________
增强国家的科技力量____________
应对重大挑战____________
用有限的资源_____________
阻碍国家的发展____________
克服这些障碍________________
高质量人才____________
增加人力资本投资
_________________
需要耐心和时间____________
 
Sentences
1. As innovation is the driving force of development, Xi said efforts must be made to ensure high-quality science and technology to support the development of a modern economy.
make efforts to do sth 努力做某事
make an effort/every effort to do sth
spare no effort to do sth 不遗余力做某事
句意:习主席说,创新是发展的动力,要努力确保要用高质量的科技支撑现代经济发展,。 
 
2. Many innovations have allowed China to
catch up with other scientific powerhouses
or even lead in certain frontier fields. 
innovation  n. 创新,改革
同根词:innovate v. 创新,改革;innovative adj. 创新的
allow sb to do sth 使某人做某事(成为可能)
句意:许多创新使中国赶上了其他科技强国,甚至在某些前沿领域处于领先地位。 
 
3. … by the end of 2018 farmers in more than 40 countries had planted 7 million hectares of the crop. 
    分析:当by 后接过去的时间时,句子用过去完成时。
   By the time the first season began, more than 35,000 people had signed up.
 
4. It was the first time multiple monkeys had been cloned from a gene-edited monkey for biomedical research. 
   分析:It is/was the first/second ... time that sb has/had done sth.
   It is the first time that I have been here.
   句意:这是第一次从基因编辑的猴子身上克隆出多只猴子用于生物医学研究。
 
5. Bai Chunli, the academy’s president, said the idea of obtaining core technologies and improving China’s innovative capacity has been the key mission for the academy, which is also celebrating its 70th birthday this year. 
   分析:which引导非限制性定语从句,修饰the academy。
   句意:中科院院长白春礼表示,获取核心技术和提高中国的创新能力是中科院的关键任务,今年也是中科院成立70周年。
 
Read for thinking
Apart from what you’ve read in the article, what should we do to enhance the development of science and technology?
 
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