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高一 2019-2020学年度第43期总第796期
发布时间:2020-06-08

2019-2020学年度第43期总第796期
An educated woman (P4-5)
山东省烟台第二中学 赵娜娜

Lead-in 
Do you know where the following sayings come from? 
Your main problem is that you don’t read much and think too much.
你的问题主要在于读书不多而想得太多。

Only those who are humble have the most opportunity to see the truth of the human state of the world.
唯有身处卑微的人,最有机缘看到世态人情的真相。

Yang Jiang
A well-known Chinese writer, translator and foreign literature researcher

Do you know any of her works?


Don Quixote                     Six Chapters of My Life         Baptism

Yang Jiang passed away at the age of 105 on May 25, 2016. But four years later, people from all walks of life are still expressing their condolences and paying tribute to her by posting Yang’s photos and quotes on the internet.

Brainstorming 
Look at the title and predict what may be included in the article.
education
achievements
good qualities
influence
...

Fast-reading
Read the article quickly and summarize the main idea.

Reasons for Yang Jiang’s long-lasting influence

Reading for details 
Read the article and find out why Yang Jiang is still revered by people today.
* Her dedication to the career of translation and writing
To translate the Spanish classic Don Quixote well, she started learning Spanish from scratch at the age of 48. In the translation process, she pondered every word and sentence. With such a prudent attitude, Yang only translated about 500 words at a time. As a result, Yang finished the translation of Don Quixote over a period of 10 years. Published in 1978, it remains widely regarded as the definitive translation of the classic in China.

* Indifference to fame
Chinese writer and translator Shi Zhecun commented that Baptism is “a combination of A Dream of Red Mansions (《红楼梦》) and The Scholars (《儒林外史》), two of China’s most important classics”. To this, Yang responded with characteristic modesty, saying that, “Baptism was just an experiment to test myself and see if I am capable of writing novels.” 

Post-reading 
    What can we learn from Yang Jiang?
    dedication to her work
    calm and simple state of mind
    lack of desire for fame or wealth
    one is never too old to learn

Language study
1.去世
2.在……岁的时候
3.各行各业
4.致敬……
5.致力于
6.对……流利
7.从头学起
8.对……忠诚
9.一次
10. ……和……的结合
11.有能力做
12.把……称作

Key: 1. pass away 2. at the age of 3. all walks of life 4. pay tribute to 5. dedication to sth 6. be fluent in 7. learn ... from scratch 8. be faithful to 9. at a time 10. a combination of ... and ... 11. be capable of 12. refer to ... as

Sentence analysis
Having studied in the UK and France, Yang was fluent both in English and French. 
Published in 1978, it remains widely regarded as the definitive translation of the classic in China.
She published Six Chapters of My Life in 1981, which recorded her difficult time when working in the countryside during the “cultural revolution”…

这三处均为非谓语动词作状语的用法,其中Having studied 和主句主语Yang之间是主动关系,而且动作发生在was之前。 
Published和主句主语it之间是被动关系。 
Working和主句主语she之间为主动关系。

Exercises
1.There are more airplanes _____(carry)more people than ever before .
2. _________(spend) nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay at a hotel.
3. ________ (look) out of the window, I saw some students sweeping up the bits of paper.
4. _____ (ask) why he was late, he cried.
5. Be careful when you deal with this chemical, as it will explode when (it is) _____(expose) to sunlight.
6. ________ ( determine) to make his fortune, the young man left his home for the big city.
7. The poor boy walked in the cold, _____ ( keep) an eye out for any danger.
8. Weather _______ (permit), the party will be held in the garden.
9. ________ (work) in the field for nearly five hours, I’m exhausted.
10. ________ from the top of the hill, the train looks like a snake.

Key: 1. carrying 2. Having spent 3. Looking 4. Asked 5. exposed 6. Determined 7. keeping 8. permitting 9. Having worked 10. Seen

Homework 
假如你是李华,你的英国笔友Jack想了解一下中国作家杨绛,请你写信给他,内容应包括:
1.你最喜欢的一个作品;
2.你从她身上学到的品质。


2019-2020学年度第43期总第796期
New formula aids sea rescue (P6)
山西省灵石县第一中学 任立琴

I. Lead-in
Have you ever watched these movies?
What is important for such rescues?
Being a rescuer,
time is your biggest enemy. 
One more second, one step closer to death. 
One less second, one more life you may save. 

How can you save time so that you can save lives?

II. Read for general information
Pre-reading: What could you know from the title?
 

What influences sea rescue?
However, the tides and changing weather at sea – especially the unpredictable currents (洋流) – make it hard for rescuers to locate people in time, resulting in hundreds of deaths every year.
这句话的主干是the tides and changing weather at sea make it hard for rescuers to locate people in time,resulting in hundreds of deaths every year在句中作_______状语。

What is the new formula?
The new algorithm uses the “Eulerian” approach. 

How does the new formula aid sea rescue?
The “Eulerian” approach interprets (诠释) the ocean’s complex flows using more advanced modeling systems, allowing it to update its data quickly according to the ever-changing ocean conditions.
 这句话的主干是The “Eulerian” approach interprets (诠释) the ocean’s complex flows,
using more advanced modeling systems,在句中作方式状语,allowing it to update its data quickly 在句中作结果状语

III. Read for details
Read Paragraph 1 and complete the table.
 


1. What is the problem with the previous formula?
This approach is not precise enough and significant errors can accumulate in the process, leading the search team farther away from the correct location. 

2. Who came up with the new formula?
Now, scientists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHRW) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have come up with an algorithm that can quickly predict the locations to which people floating in the ocean will drift, speeding up search and rescue operations at sea.
释义: 释义: 目前,瑞士联邦理工学院和麻省理工学院的科学家们提出了一种算法。这种算法可以快速预测漂浮在海上失踪人员会漂流到哪些区域,从而可以加快海上搜寻和救援工作。

3. How effective was the new formula in the experiment?
The algorithm successfully identified all the hidden traps where the manikins eventually ended up.
The algorithm successfully identified all the hidden traps where the manikins eventually ended up.

IV. Post-reading
Did you know?
Sea rescue is carried out at sea to save missing people. The type of agency that carries out the search and rescue missions varies by country; it may be the coast guard, navy or voluntary organizations. When a missing vessel is located, these organizations deploy (安排) helicopters, rescue vessels or any other appropriate vessel to return those found to land. In some cases, the agencies may carry out an air-sea rescue (ASR). This refers to the combined use of aircraft and surface vessels.

V. Language focus
Find the following expressions in the article.
当说到,提及
......的机会
及时
导致,致使
数以百计的
想到
加快速度
......的关键
把......视为/看作
以......结束
计划,打算

Key: 1. when it comes to sth 2. the chance to do 3. in time 4. lead to 5. hundreds of 6. come up with 7. speed up 8. the key to doing sth 9. think of ... as 10. end up in 11. plan to do 

即学即练
好句仿写
1. When it comes to sea rescue, speed is everything.

仿写: 当说到学习时, 态度是最重要的。
When it comes to studying, attitude is everything.

2. ... the tides and changing weather at sea ... make it hard for rescuers to locate people in time...
仿写: Berners-lee使每个人都能使用互联网成为可能。
Berners-lee made it possible for everyone to use the internet.

V. language focus

 

Homework
Write a summary according to the mind map.
 
 

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