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中考完形填空真题解析
作者:清华大学附属中学 周萍
时间:2010-02-05

A girl complained to her father about her hard life. She didn’t know what she had to do and wanted to 31. She felt tired for fighting and fighting. One problem had been finished but another came.

Her father, a cook, took her 32 the kitchen. He poured water into the pans (锅) and boiled it. When the water was boiling, in the first pan he put some carrots, in the 33 he put some eggs and in the last he put some coffee. He 34 them for a few minutes without any words.

The girl closed her mouth and waited impatiently, not knowing 35 her father was doing that. After about 20 minutes, her father turned 36 the stove, took out the carrots and put them in a bowl. He took out the eggs and put 37 in another bowl. After that the 38 was poured into a cup. Turning back to his daughter, he asked, “What do you 39?”“Carrots, eggs and coffee,” she answered.

Her father told her to 40 her eyes and let her touch the carrots. She did and felt that the carrots were soft. After that he asked her to take eggs and 41 them. Then, she got boiled and hard eggs. At last, the father asked her to smell the coffee. “What’s the meaning, Father?” He 42 that each one had had the same unlucky experience — the boiled water, but 43 had a different reaction (反应). The strong and hard carrots had become soft and weak after being in the boiling water. The eggs became hard 44 being cooked. The coffee was very special and it changed the water. “Who are you?” asked her father, “When calamity (厄运) 45 your door, what’s your reaction? Are you carrots, eggs or coffee?” (09年贵州安顺中考)

( ) 31. A. grow up B. give up C. set up D. pick up

( ) 32. A. into B. within C. out of D. away from

( ) 33. A. first B. second C. third D. fourth

( ) 34. A. looked for B. searched for C. waited for D. called for

( ) 35. A. that B. where C. where D. why

( ) 36. A. on B. over C. off D. in

( ) 37. A. it B. its C. them D. themselve

( ) 38. A. eggs B. carrots C. coffee D. water

( ) 39. A. hear B. taste C. smell D. see

( ) 40. A. close B. open C. wash D. drop

( ) 41. A. keep B. protect C. break D. drink

( ) 42. A. complained B. explained C. told D. expected

( ) 43. A. every B. all C. each D. either

( ) 44. A. before B. after C. behind D. under

( ) 45. A. lies in B. comes across C. meets with D. knocks at

本文讲述了父亲在女儿生活遇到麻烦时,用开水煮胡萝卜、鸡蛋和咖啡的烹饪方法,揭示了一个重要的人生道理:我们在经历了困难和挣扎之后,应该成为能够改变自己命运的主人。

31. B。 既考查动词短语含义:A长大;B放弃;C建立;D捡起;还需要把握人物思想状况:女儿对困难不知所措,想要放弃。

32. A。 动词短语搭配,take sb into 把某人带入某地,厨师父亲把女儿带进了厨房。

33. B。 考查上下文。根据上文,in the first pan, 显然在第二口锅里父亲放进了鸡蛋。

34. C。 考查动词短语:A寻找;B寻找;C等待; D要求。根据对父亲在放东西之后的行为的推测,以及后面的for a few minutes可以帮助我们确定答案为持续性动词短语“等待”。

35. D。 女儿不理解父亲的行为,只能等待,她不知道为什么父亲要煮这些东西。处理连词时,可以使用填词试探的方法,将连词逐一放入文章中,考查它们的合理性。

36. C。 考查动词短语。turn off关上电器、灶具等。

37. C。 考查上下文和人称代词,父亲把eggs拿出锅,把它们放到另一个碗里,所以用them指代。

38. C。 上文提示,最后处理的是 coffee。

39. D。 动词辨析,并且下文有提示,女儿回答carrots, eggs and coffee, 可以推测到父亲的问题是:你“看见”了什么?

40. A。 下文说父亲让女儿触摸,可见要闭上眼睛。下文还提到She did and felt that the carrots were soft.

41. C。 下文提示:she got boiled and hard eggs,这一定是敲碎煮熟的鸡蛋后的结果。上文就是break。

42. B。 从本题开始升华文章中心。父亲用常识来解析生活哲理,所以选explained,解释。

43. C。 上文提示:each one had had the same unlucky experience — the boiled water, 意思是:每样物品都经历了相同的不幸—被煮过;但是每样物品却有着不同的反应。上下文存在转折关系。

44. B。 鸡蛋在煮熟之后变硬,所以选 after。

45. D。 考查动词固定搭配。当厄运“叩响”你的大门时(意思是困难来临时),你的反应是什么?

模拟训练

When I was in third grade, I was picked to be the princess (公主) in the school play.

For weeks my mother helped me 1 my lines (台词). But once on stage, every 2 disappeared from my head. My teacher asked me to change roles and be the narrator (解说员).

Though I didn’t tell my mother what had happened that day, she 3 my unhappiness and asked if I wanted to take a walk in the yard.

It was a lovely spring day. We could see dandelions (蒲公英) popping (跳出) 4 the grass, as if a painter had touched our landscape with bits of gold. I watched my mother carelessly 5 by some flowers. “I think I am going to dig up all these weeds (野草),” she said.

“But I like dandelions,” I said. “All flowers are 6 — even dandelions!”

My mother looked at me 7. “Yes, every flower shines in its own way, doesn’t it?” she said. I nodded. “8 that is true of people, too,” she added.

She had guessed my 9. I started to cry and told her the truth.

“You will be a beautiful narrator,” she said, reminding me of how much I loved to read stories aloud to her.

Over the next few 10, I learned to take pride in the role. The big day finally 11. A few minutes before the play, my teacher came over to me. “Your mother asked me to give this to you,” she said, handing me a dandelion. After the play, I took the flower home, 12 that I was perhaps the only person who would keep such a weed.

( ) 1. A. write B. practice C. offer D. train

( ) 2. A. word B. picture C. story D. action

( ) 3. A. sensed B. touched C. heard D. reached

( ) 4. A. across B. off C. through D. out

( ) 5. A. put out B. get over C. show up D. bend down

( ) 6. A. perfect B. beautiful C. natural D. lively

( ) 7. A. anxiously B. carelessly C. seriously D. surprisingly

( ) 8. A. But B. Or C. So D. And

( ) 9. A. worry B. pain C. nervousness D. wonder

( ) 10. A. days B. weeks C. months D. year

( ) 11. A. went B. ran C. came D. appeared

( ) 12. A. laughing B. crying C. honoring D. doubting

When you sit down with your family to eat a meal, do you ever wonder where and when the 1 of using chopsticks (筷子) began?

People say that the first chopsticks were used in China 5,000 years ago. The practice became widespread in Korea, Vietnam and Japan. Today they are a symbol (象征) of 2 culture.

Of Asian countries, Japan highlights the importance of chopsticks 3 a day to celebrate them. August 4 is 4 aside as Chopsticks Day in Japan.

The different 5 traditions of Asia lead to different kinds of chopsticks. For example the Japanese use sharp (尖的) chopsticks 6 they eat a lot of fish. Sharp chopsticks are good for picking the fish from the bones (骨头).

Chopsticks are made from different kinds of 7. Bamboo chopsticks are 8 because the material is easy to break apart and doesn’t burn easily. People also use wood and bone for chopsticks. Some rich people had theirs 9 from precious metals. Many emperors used silver (银质) chopsticks, for it was believed that they would turn 10 if there was poison (毒) in the food.

There are also many table manners 11 with chopsticks. For instance, never stick your chopsticks upright in your rice bowl or 12 on your bowl with your chopsticks. People believe this is impolite to the host.

( ) 1. A. advantage B. tradition C. instruction D. time

( ) 2. A. European B. American C. Asian D. Chinese

( ) 3. A. with B. through C. on D. over

( ) 4. A. picked B. made C. chosen D. set

( ) 5. A. homing B. producing C. cooking D. gardening

( ) 6. A. because B. so C. once D. unle

( ) 7. A. plastic B. bamboo C. wood D. material

( ) 8. A. usual B. common C. casual D. strong

( ) 9. A. to make B. making C. made D. being made

( ) 10. A. black B. gray C. dark D. red

( ) 11. A. popular B. filled C. compared D. connected

( ) 12. A. beat B. tap C. hit D. strike

C4: Passage 1: 1-6 BAACDB 7-12 CDBBCA

Passage 2: 1-6 BCADCA 7-12 DBCADB


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