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高一教案 第812期(2)
发布时间:2020-11-23

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

2020-2021学年度第13期总第812期
Protecting historic relics (P4-5)
山西省灵石县第一中学  任立琴

I. Free-talk
Do you want to have a look at the grotto temples?
   
 
Will it be possible to visit these temples in the future?

II. Read for general information
Predict: What topics would be talked about in the article?
 
Read the article and check your prediction.
 

Divide the passage into four parts:
 

III. Read for details
1. Why was the notice issued?
Because as historical treasures of ancient Chinese arts, values and spirits, such relics are fragile and just ________ visitors ________(threat) their preservation.

Key: the number of; threatens

2. What could cause harm to these grotto temples? 
 

Key:
 

3. What is Lu Jiwen’s attitude toward the measures?
 A. Negative.         B. Positive. 
 C. Objective.        D. Uninterested.

Key: B

IV. Post-reading
Can you think of more measures to preserve such temples?
    raise the public's awareness of protecting such relics;
    apply advanced technology to protecting such relics;
    make clear instructions for visitors to follow
    ...

V. Language focus
Find the following expressions in the article.
1.......的数量
2.发布一则通告
3.被要求做某事
4.以......为基础
5.被鼓励做某事
6.以......为目的,旨在
7.导致
8.对......造成损害
9.组成
10.由于,因为
11.对公众开放
12.呼出
13.带入,引进
14.有助于,造成
15.很重要
16.不但......而且
17.深入地,全面地

Key:
1. the number of ...
2. issue a notice
3. be required to do sth
4. be based on
5. be encouraged to do sth
6. be aimed at
7. lead to 
8. cause harm to 
9. make up
10. due to
11. open to the public
12. breathe out
13. bring in
14. contribute to
15. be of great importance
16. not only ... but also ...
17. in depth

词形变化
•_____ (v. 威胁)--threat(n)
•preservation (n)--______(v.)
•protect (v.保护)--_______(n. )
•________ (n. 环境)--_________(adj.环境的) -- ________(adv.)
•____ (n. 深度)-- deep (adj.深的)--____ (v.加深)

Key: 
 


1. Their activities ______ world peace.
2. Environmental _______ is very important for our future.
3. The World Sight Day is aimed at ________ people's understanding of the importance of eyes.

Key: threaten, protection, deepening

Grotto temple workers are required to do research and determine how many daily visitors they can safely handle. 
require   vt.  要求,需求        
 require sth.         
 require sth of sb    
 require sb to do …  
 require that sb (should) do sth  
 (sth) require doing …/ to be done 

注意: 
• require后加宾语从句时,从句中用虚拟语气,即 should +动词原形, should 可以省略。类似用法的词还有insist, suggest, propose, order, command, request, demand, desire等。
• require后面可以跟doing,用主动表示被动。类似用法的词还有need,want(需要)等。

1. Our classroom requires ______________ (clean).
2. Being public figures, leaders are required ________ (appear) strong and capable. (2011江苏)
3. Our teacher required that we _________ (pay) attention to our handwriting.

Key:
 

appreciate vt. – appreciation n.    
appreciate 
一词多义:
1. 欣赏,赏识
2. 感谢,感激
3. 体会,领会, 
4. 体谅
5. 增值,涨价

常用语块:    
1. appreciate one’s kindness/ goodness in doing
2. appreciate it very much if you could …    
3. … is much appreciated    ……大受欣赏

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. I’d appreciate it very much if you could type this letter for me.
如果你能帮我打印这封信的话, 我将不胜感激。

2. Her talent for music was not appreciated. 
她的音乐才能无人赏识。 

3. They deeply appreciated his kindness. 
他们非常感激他的友好。 

4. I appreciate your problem, but I don’t think I can help you.
我理解你的困难,但却爱莫能助。

5. Houses in that area have appreciated since the new road was built.
自从新马路的建造, 这个地区的地产已增值。

Sentence
At the Mogao Grottoes in Gansu, researchers found that microorganisms brought in unintentionally (无意识地) by visitors themselves have also led to changes in color in murals.
该句的主句为 _____________; that引导______从句;黄色部分brought in unintentionally … 为_________。   
释义:在甘肃莫高窟,研究者们发现,由游客自身无意识带入的微生物也会导致壁画颜色的改变。

Further information
    Grotto temples
      Grotto temples, which were carved into mountains or rocks for religious purposes, were introduced into China from India and Central Asia in the third century, and became a pillar (支柱 ) of Chinese Buddhist (佛教的) art throughout ancient Chinese history.
    The Mogao Caves in Dunhuang, Gansu province, Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, Henan province, Yungang Grottoes in Datong, Shanxi province, and a series of Buddhist grottoes along the ancient Silk Road, have been included on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.

FROM CHINA DAILY
 

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

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