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初一教案 第738期(1)
发布时间:2021-05-17

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

40/738期初一课件

贾美亭

Peace in a poet’s words (P4-5)

Pre-reading

Who do we call the “poet of poets” ?

Do you know any poems written by Tagore?

 

While reading

   He started to write poems (诗歌) at the age of 8. He was the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.

1. start to do sth./start doing sth.

    begin to do sth./begin doing sth.

    表示开始某一动作时,后面跟不定式或者动名词时,表达     的意思是一样的。但表示开始一段长期的动作或者习惯性的动作时,动名词的形式较为常见。

例如:The child started to cry/crying.

2.at the age of 的意思和用法

   at the age of  在…岁时,一般用于过去时中

   He became a doctor at the age of 27.

 

He is known as the poet of poets. Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) is one of the worlds famous wordsmiths (语言大师). This year is the 160th anniversary (周年纪念) of his birth.

 

known [nəun]=famous 意为有名的,众所周知的”

 This place is known for its scenery.这个地方以风景出名。

   (介词for 表示原因)

 He is known as a poet.他作为一个诗人而著名。

  (介词as表示身份)

Its known to us that he is a thief. 他是个贼,这点我们很清楚。

(介词to 表示对某人来说)

 

Tagores poems are about nature, humans and love. They are full of imagination (想象力). His poem The Champa Flower (《金色花》), for example, shows a childs love for his mother. In the poem, the child becomes a champa flower and spends time with his mom.

 

full [ful]  a.满的;(肚子)饱的;完全的;丰富的

短语:be full of = be filled with 充满...... ,装满......

例句:The room was full of people.

  = The room was filled with people.室内挤满了人。

I can't eat any more; I'm full (肚子饱的).

我不能再吃了;我已经饱了

 

His poems are positive (积极的). We sometimes get upset when we miss someone or something. But Tagore wrote: If you shed (落泪) tears when you miss the sun, you also miss the stars.

翻译划线句子

当你为错过太阳而哭泣的时候,你也要再错过群星了。

miss [mis]

vt.失去;缺;错过;想念;

I do miss(想念) the children.

He listened attentively so as not to miss(错过) a single word .

 

Tagore was also a poet of peace. He hoped that all countries could work together and stop fighting. During World War II, he criticized Japan for invading (侵略) China.  

 

Which country did Tagore criticize during World War II?

A. The UK. B. India. C. China. D. Japan.   

D

 

stop [stɔp]n.停车站;标点;vi.停止;逗留

stop的用法之常用结构

stop to do sth 指停下来去做某事

stop doing sth 指停止做某事

stop ...from ( doing) sth 阻止……做……             

 

In 1938, he wrote a letter to support (支持) China. Indian Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said it is the humanism (人本主义) in Tagores poems that makes them special.    

 

Tagore would agree that _____.

A. poets should try to be special

B. different countries should get along

C. writing poems can bring peace

D. people should fight each other

B

 

write 的过去式:wrote , say 的过去式:said

make sb. + adj. 使某人怎么样

 

Did you know?

  Tagore was a man of many talents. He was not just a poet, but also a playwright (剧作家), philosopher (哲学家) and composer (作曲家).

 

Not onlybut also是英语中比较常见的一个关联词组,用于连接两个表示并列关系的成分,着重强调后者。它的意思是“不仅 而且 ...”;其中的also有时可以省略。

Not only I but also Tom and Mary are fond of watching television.

不仅我,而且汤姆和玛丽都喜欢看电视。

 

Tagore wrote two national anthems Jana Gana Mana (《人民的意志》) for India and Amar Sonar Bangla (《金色的孟加拉》) for Bangladesh. His work also inspired the Sri Lankan national anthem.

  Tagore loved to travel. During his lifetime, he visited more than 30 countries to spread (传播) Indian culture and literature (文学). 

 

What did Tagore do during his travels?

He spread (传播) Indian culture and literature (文学).

 

Tagore’s connection with China

Tagore loved Chinese culture. He visited China three times. He once said he had “left his heart” in China.

Tagore visited China three times because he loved ___________.

Chinese culture

 

In 1924, he was invited to give lectures (演讲) by Chinese scholars Liang Qichao and Cai Yuanpei, marking (标志) his first visit. He gave many speeches during his month-long stay. His most famous speech was given at Tsinghua University. His second and third visits both took place in 1929. The poet Xu Zhimo and other writers received him at that time.      

 

invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人去做某事

sb. be invited to do sth. 为被动语态,意为某人被邀请做某事

 

give speeches 做演讲

take place 发生

 

Read some of his poems

The furthest distance in the world,

Is not between life and death,

But when I stand in front of you,

Yet you don’t know that I love you.

世界上最遥远的距离,

不是生与死之间的距离,

而是我站在你面前,

你却不知道我爱你。

 

furthest 意为“最遥远的”,它是最高级,原级是far, 比较级是 further

 

Let life be beautiful like summer flowers and death like autumn leaves.

使生如夏花之绚烂,死如秋叶之静美。

I leave no trace of wings in the air, but I am glad I have had my flight.

天空虽不曾留下痕迹,但我已飞过。

The world has kissed my soul with its pain, asking for its return in songs.

世界以痛吻我,要我报之以歌。   

 

Further reading

Read the passage and answer the questions.         

    To be so strong that nothing can disturb your peace of mind.

    To talk about health,happiness, and prosperity with every person you meet.

    To make all your friends feel that there is something special in them.

    To look at the sunny side of everything and make your dreams come true.

(Next page)

 

       To think only of the best, to work only for the best, and to expect only the best.

   To be just as enthusiastic about the success of others as you are about your own.

   To forget the mistakes of the past and press on to greater achievements in the future.

   To have a cheerful countenance at all times and give every living creature you meet a smile.       

 

1.  What should we talk about when we meet others?

________________________________

we should talk about health,happiness and prosperity.

 

2. What should we give every living creature we meet, according to the writer ?

________________________________

A smile.

 

3. 将划线句子译成中文。

________________________________

要只去想最好的事情,只追求最美好的结果,只怀有最美好的希望。

 

Post-reading

Read more poems by Tagore and try to write a short poem of your own.

                                       

                                                                                   

     

 

本期配套教案共2页:  1  2

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